More jobs in the production of graduates in times of crisis

The decline of the Italian production continues. Istat is clear. The gross domestic product for the second quarter has fallen to 2.5% from a year ago (- 0.7% on the previous quarter). A trend which is expected to close 2012 with 1.9%, again in the coming months the growth is zero. According to Confindustria, the negative values of the production is concentrated on the sector of textiles, clothing, leather and accessories, with a minus 14.6%, electrical (- 11.3%), electronics (-9%), consumer goods with ( – 8%) and capital goods (-7.5%). But recent graduates looking for jobs today that hope is there? The University of Milan-Bicocca has created a statistical research on functional areas in which companies employ more graduates (before and during the economic crisis). The manufacturing industry is one in which there is increased use of graduates from 2008 and 2011. A decline is felt in the areas research and development, and is halved employment in human resources. In times of crisis, companies prefer to then dedicate the new labor force exit from the University to tasks more “concrete” and less “constructive”. Survey data on the employment of graduates Cilea-Star from 2008 to 2011, compared with those of the database Excelsior-Unioncamere that monitors the staffing needs of more than 100,000 Italian companies (see document), show that more than half graduates (53.4%) is put into production, with 10.4% followed by the administration, accounting and management control and R & D by 9.5%. The commercial and distribution is at 5.3% which is followed by the design (3.9%), human resources and organization (3.6%), marketing (3.3%), information systems and networks ( 3.3%), finance (2.3%), communications and public relations (2.1%), quality, safety and environment (1.7%), Legal (1.2%). But what has changed since the pre-crisis period (2007) to today? Companies have focused on the placement of graduates in the areas of production (23.2%), information systems and networks (+10.8%) and those relating to the administration, accounting and management control (+8.3 %). A losing position was especially the areas of human resources and organization (-47.3%), marketing (-37.0%) and communication and public relations (-31.7%). And the pay? “An interesting point comes from the research and development,” says Paul Mariani, professor of economic statistics, “which, while offering a smaller pay gap (in the last four years has exceeded $ 1,000 in 2008 alone), it remains still the prerogative of the best: 68.4% of graduates employed in this area have a degree mark between 106 and 110 cum laude. Down compared to the pre-crisis period but still highly significant. Compared to the salary, “says Mariani,” in the last survey graduates employed in finance earn almost double of those placed in the legal (1,160 euros vs 668 euros). To overcome the threshold of 1,100 euros there are graduates who work in information systems and networks while the threshold of $ 1,000 is crossed by the doctors employed in areas: design, human resources and organization, administration, accounting and management accounting , communications and public relations, production, sales and distribution. bringing up the rear, with a salary below $ 1,000, the area of R & D, marketing, quality, safety and the environment”. Attachment


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